The Geohazards Lab is an initiative developed under the CEOS Working Group Disasters to enable a greater use of Earth Observation (EO) data and derived products to assess geohazards and their impact. The aim is to establish an inclusive and comprehensive process to optimise the use of EO technologies with a primary focus on hosted tools and services to exploit satellite data on the Cloud. The activity is driven by the needs of national and local decision-makers in policy sectors linked to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) that are concerned with terrain motion and geohazards.
The Geohazards Lab is looking at using interoperable platforms with the aim to strengthen the federation of resources for EO data access and hosted processing as well as to support and animate the user community. It is a collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA), the German Space Research Centre (DLR), the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and the French Space Agency (CNES) alongside with ‘in-sector’ EO experts from R&D organisations and geoscience centres such as CNRS EOST and BRGM in France, CNR IREA and INGV in Italy or IGME in Spain. Geoscience centres are the intermediaries with end users from local and regional DRR organisations and the rationale of the Geohazards Lab activity is to take advantage of the expertise of in-sector EO experts to expand the level of expertise in EO within this community.
An example of a precursor system available in the framework of the Geohazards Lab is the Geohazards Exploitation Platform (GEP), developed in the framework of the ESA Thematic Exploitation Platforms (TEP) initiative and is available since 2016.
The Geohazards Lab activity is building on a collaborative framework linking expert geoscience centres and users together with EO service providers of the geohazards sector. To facilitate and promote use of EO techniques with geoscience centres in regions where the level of awareness and acceptance of new EO techniques is less advanced the Lab provides access to different types of EO data and EO processing chains with both high quality specialized services and, as much as possible, open and free solutions. In addition the a this collaboration is looking at consensus methods in liaison with EO practitioners and experts to harmonize processing results and to explain and demonstrate the benefit of satellite EO in the assessment of geohazards phenomena.
Beyond space agencies providing access to hosted services using satellite EO, the Geohazards Lab includes the Geohazards Office, an activity co-funded by ESA, CNES and BRGM and started in spring 2018 to liaise with the community and look at methods and standards.
- March 2020 – FRINGE 2020 – Invitation to submit abstracts based on results generated on GEP
- February 2020 – Artificial Intelligence for disaster mapping with the ALADIM services: how GEP has been used for automated landslide detection after the heavy rains of November 2019 in Kenya
- January 2020 – LOS displacement time series generated on GEP using P-SBAS confirms elevated volcanic activity since March 2019 over Taal volcano
- January 2020 – Observing surface deformation in Haiti after Hurricane Matthew with Sentinel-1 in GEP
- December 2019 – Ground Motion analysis with CNR IREA P-SBAS Sentinel-1 processing on-demand
- November 2019 – SNAP COSMO-SkyMed DInSAR service for ground displacement mapping available on GEP
- November 2019 – ESA published a news story about how S-1 and the GEP were used following the Montelimar earthquake of 11 November 2019
- November 2019 – GEP Training @ MDIS 2019 – Deformation Measurements by Earth Observation Techniques
- August 2019 – New GEP services from CNRS-EOST for landslide detection and mapping using Artificial Intelligence
- July 2019 – How space technology can support hazard and risk mapping in Indonesia